What is the cause of acne?

What is the cause of acne?

Skin problems brings insecurity and low self-esteem.

Acne is one of a  common skin condition that occurs when hair follicles become clogged with oil, dead skin cells, and bacteria. The exact cause of acne is not fully understood, but several factors contribute to its development:

  1. Excess Sebum Production: Sebaceous glands in the skin produce an oily substance called sebum, which helps keep the skin lubricated. In some individuals, these glands can produce excessive sebum, leading to clogged pores and acne formation.

  2. Bacterial Overgrowth: The skin is naturally inhabited by a bacterium called Propionibacterium acnes (P. acnes). When excess sebum combines with dead skin cells, it can create an ideal environment for the overgrowth of P. acnes bacteria. This overgrowth can trigger inflammation and the formation of acne lesions.

  3. Hormonal Factors: Hormonal changes during puberty, menstrual cycles, or hormonal imbalances can contribute to the development of acne. Androgens, a type of hormones, stimulate the sebaceous glands to produce more sebum, increasing the likelihood of clogged pores and acne.

  4. Increased Dead Skin Cell Production: Skin cells continuously renew themselves, and sometimes the shedding process can be disrupted, leading to the accumulation of dead skin cells. These cells can mix with sebum and clog the pores, contributing to acne formation.

  5. Inflammation: When the pores are clogged with excess oil and dead skin cells, the body's immune system responds by releasing inflammatory substances. This inflammation can lead to redness, swelling, and the formation of acne lesions.

  6. Genetic Factors: Acne can run in families, suggesting a genetic predisposition to the condition. If your parents or close relatives had acne, you may be more likely to develop it.

  7. External Factors: Certain external factors can exacerbate acne or trigger breakouts. These can include environmental factors, such as humidity or exposure to certain chemicals, as well as friction or pressure on the skin from wearing helmets, tight clothing, or frequently touching the face.

It's important to note that acne triggers and severity can vary among individuals. While these factors contribute to acne development, the exact interplay between them can differ, making the condition multifactorial. It is important to wash your face regularly and apply a special creams that can help to balance your skin and reduce inflammation and reduce sebum. GIG Moisturising Cream is a good choice as it contains Lactobionic Acid that helps to minimise pores and control oily skin.

Consulting a dermatologist can help determine the specific causes and develop an appropriate treatment plan for acne management. 


#reducesebum #cleanface #lactobionicacid #gigcosmetics

Zurück zum Blog